Indigenous Archaeologies

Convened By
Daryle Rigney (Australia), Martin Wobst (USA), Tara Million (Canada) and Joe Watkins (USA)

Theme Details
Throughout the world, Indigenous peoples are claiming greater input into archaeological research. After decades of silence and exclusion, Indigenous peoples are demanding that they be actively involved in the communication of information about their cultures. Changes are occurring at a number of levels: at the institutional level, at community level and, most importantly, in terms of the relationships between individual archaeologists and the Indigenous people with whom they work. These changes are being compounded by the entrance of Indigenous archaeologists into the discipline.

In some cases, professional ethical codes of behaviour and legislation, such as the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act in the USA, ensure formal interaction between archaeologists and descendent communities. Apart from this, archaeologists and Indigenous people share an interest in the same material culture. The manner in which these interests intersect has a range of manifestations in different parts of the world. In Australia, archaeologists have helped Indigenous peoples gain control over their land and their cultural heritage but have stopped short of incorporating Indigenous peoples into the framework of archaeology as a discipline. In the USA, Indigenous communities employ archaeologists and have a lot of control over individual projects and Indigenous peoples often have a formal role in national bodies-but are still unable to control the bones of their ancestors. In Southern Africa, the post-apartheid voices of Indigenous peoples are calling for recognition that they are still there and that their Indigenous identities have not been lost. In Asia, the voices of Indigenous peoples still are rarely heard. Despite these regional differences there are core issues that are of interest to archaeologists and Indigenous peoples throughout the world. This theme will focus on these issues, attempting to bring a global perspective to each. The sessions which will be included in this theme include:

· Decolonizing the Archaeology of a Region.
· Ethics, Public Policy and Cultural and Intellectual Property.
· Repatriation and the Colonialist Origins of Archaeology.
· Working with Indigenous Communities.
· Oral History as Archaeology.
· Monuments, Landscapes and Cultural Memory.
· The Historical Archaeology of Indigenous Peoples.
· Reverse Archaeologies.


Martin Wobst


The Historical Archaeology Of Indigenous Peoples

Organized By
Alistair Paterson (Australia)

Session Details
Main stream archaeology often has focussed almost exclusively on the “prehistoric” past of Indigenous populations and on the “prehistoric practices” of the Indigenous populations of the present. In that way archaeologists have deflected from the lived lives of Indigenous populations of the recent past and present, and thus kept the impact of colonialism on Indigenous life as invisible archaeologically, as the agency of Indigenous peoples under colonialism and more recently. This session brings together papers on Historical archaeology of Indigenous people – that is, they expose their lives under colonialism and post-colonialism.

Discussant: Patricia Rubertone

Email contact:

Contact Or Colonialism? Interpreting Indigenous People In American Historical Archaeology
Stephen Silliman (Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, USA) Catechized and Colonized: Themes Explored in Maya Archaeology of the Historic Period
Traci Ardren (Department of Anthropology, University of Miami, USA)
History, Historical Archaeology And Indigenous Australians
Naomi Anderson & Christopher Wilson (Department of Achaeology, Flinders University, Australia) Colonial encounters: Archaeology at Ebenezer Mission, north-western Victoria
Jane Lydon (Centre for Australian Indigenous Studies, Monash University, Australia)
Contact Or Colonialism? Interpreting Indigenous People In American Historical Archaeology
Ruth Trocolli (Handbook of North American Indians, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. USA)

Session Time
Day Wednesday Date 25th June
Time 4-6PM Room Pryzbyla 321

Ethics, Public Policy, And Concerns About Cultural And Intellectual Property

Organized By
Larry Zimmerman (USA), Sven Ouzman (USA), and Joram Useb (Africa)

Session Details
This session focuses on relationships between ethics and public policy relating to scientific practice and Indigenous and non-Indigenous cultural and intellectual property. Archaeological practice is undergoing a period of radical change in response to calls by Indigenous peoples for control over their cultural and intellectual property. Existing ethical codes and public policy seldom address Indigenous needs. However, some countries with Indigenous peoples are revising legislation and policy to recognise the contribution made by Indigenous knowledge to the development of new medicines; to recognise the communal and multi-leveled ownership of cultural knowledge; and to performers’ rights to recognise the restricted nature of certain performances. Recent successes include the November 2001 decision by Pfizer Pharmaceuticals to financially and intellectually acknowledge southern Africa’s Bushmen for their knowledge of the Hoodia gordonia plant’s slimming properties. Similarly, in February 2000 the Snuneymuxw of Canada trademarked 10 sacred rock-engravings. As Indigenous people throughout the world become empowered through global networks, understanding and accommodating these developments will be critical to the conduct of ethical practice in Indigenous archaeologies.
Email contacts:;;
What To Share? Thoughts On Situating Southern African Indigenous And
Embedded Knowledge
Sven Ouzman (Anthropology Department, University of California, USA) The Missouri River Sacred Site Conflict: Will Tribes Gain Control?
Gabrielle Elliott (University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA)
Automobile Graverobbing
Adam Fish (Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, Columbia University, 21223 Marine View Drive, Seattle WA 98166 USA) Cell Tower Deconstruction: A Cautionary Tale for Developers
Steve J. Dasovich (SCI Engineering, Inc., USA) and Marianne Long (Director of Tribal Operations/Historic Preservation, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, USA)
The Use And Abuse Of Indigenous Advisory Boards
Larry J. Zimmerman (Archaeology Department, Minnesota Historical Society, USA) The Emergence of Intellectual Property Rights in Archaeology
George Nicholas (Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University-Secwepemc Education Institute, British Columbia, Canada)
The San Of Southern Africa Have Learnt To Fight For Their Intellectual Property Rights
Joram |Useb (Working Group of Indigenous Minorities in Southern Africa (WIMSA)) Ancestral Landscape and Indigenous Archaeology
Des Tatana Kahotea (Te Ongaonga, RD1, Tauranga, New Zealand)
Balancing The Interests Of Native Americans, Archaeologists, And Industry Under The National Historic Preservation Act
Carol Gleichman (Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, Lakewood, USA) Traditional Cultural Knowledge and Scientific Methods.
Jeff Van Pelt and Julie Longenecker (Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Cultural Resources Protection Program, Pendleton, OR, USA)
Human Rights Issues Within The Practice Of Archaeology
Peter R. Schmidt (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA) “Land is never protected”: the on-going struggle
Shirley Schermer (Burials Program Director, University of Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist, Iowa City, Iowa)

Session Time
Day Wednesday Date 25th June
Time 9AM-1PM Room Pryzbyla 321

Applications Of Indigenous Archaeology

Organized By
Davina Two Bears

Session Details

Aszdaa Archaeologists, Navajo Women Archaeologists: A Matriarch In United States Southwest Archaeology
Davina Two Bears Archaeological research, education and social impact in the indigenous communities. The experience of Huari, Peru
Jubitza E. Ibarra Asencios (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos)
Indigenous Knowledge And Heritage Management In Nigeria
Abi A. Derefaka Inuit and Archaeology: heritage perspectives in Nunavik
Pierre M. Desrosiers and Daniel Gendron (Avataq Cultural Institute, Université Paris 1, Sorbonne, France)
The Use And Perceived Abuse Of Cultural Legacy As A Political Platform – Central American Nationalism Vs. Indigenous Rights
Carleen D. Sanchez (Central American Research and Policy Institute, California State University Northridge, USA)

Indigenous Technology and Sustainable Development in Africa: the Nigerian Case
Alex. I. Okpoko (Department of Archaeology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State – Nigeria) and Uche Ezeadichie (Department of History/International Relations, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State – Nigeria)

From A Past Gunditjmara Landscape To Future Well-being
Heather Builth and Ken Saunders

Session Time
Day Sunday Date 22nd June
Time 4-6PM Room Pryzbyla Center A

Monuments, Landscapes And Cultural Memory

Organized By
Patricia Rubertone (USA)

Session Details
This session examines the relationship between memorialization as represented in the landscape through the lens of monuments and persistent myths of Indigenous extinction. Rather than simply focusing on these monuments as evidence of historical disjunctures and invented traditions of colonialists, or recounting the complex, even fiery, political and social debates over particular monuments, the session asks about Indigenous peoples’ engagement with, and possible interest in, these sites. Venturing beyond critiques of the symbolism underwriting colonialist monuments, the participants draw on oral traditions and archaeology to probe Indigenous peoples’ connections to places that existed long before, and continued after, the monument’s construction. They also use these strands of evidence to inquire about the diverse ways in which concerns about representation may be resolved by the appropriation or even the creation of new sites on the memorialized landscape for community building and cultural affirmation.

While archaeology can help to decipher layers of memory and experience that challenge colonial erasure, the session recognizes that its role is often problematic. Archaeological involvement may contribute to site preservation and monument building in ways that run counter to, and may interfere with, Indigenous peoples’ living traditions. Stopping short of indictment or exoneration, the session aims at illuminating more complicated struggles and understandings about place, memory, and Indigenous persistence.

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Paleo Is A Not Our Word: Exploring The Implications Of Mi’kmawey Debert
Don Julien, Tim Bernard and Leah Rosenmeier (The Confederacy of Mainland Miâkmaq, P.O. Box 1590, Truro, NS, Canada)

ÍÍkah and Monuments of Regional and Celestial Landscapes
Taft Blackhorse, Jay Williams and June el-Piper (Navajo Nation Chaco Protection Sites Program, USA)
Dighton Rock: A Touchstone For Competing Histories In Southern New England
Daniel P. Lynch (Department of Anthropology, Western Michigan University, USA)
Placemaking Along the Rio Grande: The Story of Kuaua
Robert W. Preucel (Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, USA) and Frank Matero (Department of Architecture, University of Pennsylvania, USA)
Conceptualizing Landscapes In The San Pedro Valley Of Arizona: Native American Interpretations Of The Reeve Ruin And Davis Site
Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh (Center for Desert Archaeology), T. J. Ferguson (Anthropological Research, L.L.C.) and Roger Anyon (Pima County) Memorializing the Narragansett: Place-Making and Memory-Keeping in the Aftermath of Detribalization
Patricia E. Rubertone (Department of Anthropology, Brown University, USA)
From Dust To Dust: The Pueblo Way
Joseph Suina (Cochiti Pueblo & College of Education, University of New Mexico, USA)

Session Time
Day Monday Date 22nd June
Time 4-6PM Room Pryzbyla Center A

Reverse Archaeologies

Organized By
H. Martin Wobst (USA) and Sally K. May (Australia)

Session Details
When it comes to Indigenous populations, frequently the archaeological and historical research that is easily accessible, as well as the research into the history of that archaeological or historical research, have been carried out by non-Indigenous researchers. This needs to change. Indigenous researchers need to take a more active interest in research on the research history on their populations. This session is a first step in that direction. It is designed to present research by members on Indigenous populations on the (history of) archaeological field work and historical research that has been completed on them by non-Indigenous others. Both Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations stand to gain by this switch in subject and object.
Revisiting The Removal Of The Oenpelli Skeletal Remains
Donald Gumurdul (Senior Traditional Owner, Gunbalanya), Gabriel Maralngurra (Kunwinjku Artist and Interpreter) and Sally K. May (Archaeologist, Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, Australian National University)

The role American cultural hegemony has played in the discourse on Seminole and Afro-Native American identity
Roderick Anderson (University of Massachusetts-Amherst, USA)

Prospects Of The Archaeology By Palestinians
Hamed Salem (Acting Director, The Palestinian Institute of Archaeology, Birziet University, Palestine)
Session Time
Day Thursday Date 26th June
Time 11.30AM-1PM Room Pryzbyla 323

Native American No More?: Local And Global Perspectives On The Ancient One From Kennewick, NAGPRA, And The Recent Court Decision

Organized By
Joe Watkins (Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA) and Claire Smith (Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia)

Session Details
This panel will present the views of some of the main players involved in debate over the Ancient One from Kennewick. In order to place the debate within a global perspective, it will also present the views of archaeologists and Indigenous peoples from other parts of the world, including Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

The background to this case is well known. The human remains of what Native American people refer to as the Ancient One were discovered inadvertently in 1996 at Columbia Park, near the city of Kennewick, Washington State. A series of radiocarbon dates from these remains indicated that the man had lived between 9500 and 8500 years ago. These remains have become the center of an on-going debate between a group of forensic anthropologists and archaeologists and a coalition of five Indian tribes in the region, the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, the Nez Perce Tribe, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Reservation, and the Wanapum Band. These groups have taken a united stand, seeking repatriation and reburial of this ancient material (

On August 30th, 2002, Magistrate John Jelderks, of the United States District Court for the District of Oregon, issued a decision in favour of the scientists, finding that the Secretary of the Interior “erred in defining ‘Native American’ to automatically include all remains predating 1492 that are found in the United States”. Jelderks’ decision is based on the assumption that if remains are identified as Native American they will not be open to scientific study:

All pre-Columbian people, no matter what group they belonged to, where they came from, how long they or their group survived, or how greatly they differed from the ancestors of present-day American Indians, would be arbitrarily classified as ‘Native American,’ and their remains and artefacts could be placed totally off-limits to scientific study (Jelderks 2002:29)

This decision leaves the remains of the Ancient One from Kennewick in the custody of scientists. The finding challenges the long-standing assumption that human remains pre-dating 1492 in the United States necessarily are those of the ancestors of contemporary Native Americans. It means that human remains that are found without associated cultural materials may no longer be assumed to be Native American. The matter is under appeal.

Taking a global perspective, this panel will present both Indigenous and archaeological views on this debate. Confirmed participants in this panel include:

Francesca Cubillo, National Museum of Australia
Frank McManamon, US National Parks Service
Dorothy Lippert, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Thomas Morning Owl, Confederated Tribes of Umatilla people
Sven Ouzman, University of California at Berkeley (formerly National Museum of South Africa)
Claire Smith, Flinders University
Joe Watkins, University of New Mexico
Larry Zimmerman, Minnesota History Center
Mary Pappin, Mutthi Mutthi Elder and Chair, Mungo National Park Joint Management Advisory Committee
Dan Wildcat, Hasskell University
Des Kahotea, Waikato University
Michael Wilcox, Stanford University
Native American No More: Kennewick, NAGPRA, And The Recent Court Decision
Joe Watkins (Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA) Strange Bedfellows Indeed!: Politics in American Archaeology
Joe Watkins (Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA)

Session Time
Day Monday Date 23rd June
Time 11.30AM-1PM Room Pryzbyla Center A

Oral History As Archaeology

Organized By
Marge Bruhac (USA) and Heather Harris (Canada)

Session Details
During the last decade oral history has significantly enriched the interpretation of archaeological contexts. What has not been discussed is how the publication of Indigenous oral history interferes in this Indigenous medium and in Indigenous society. By turning something non-material into something material, the medium, the message, and the social context are altered. This session brings together papers that look at the impact of published oral history on Indigenous societies.
Punan’s Oral Tradition
Boedhihartono and Agni Klintuni Boedhihartono (Indonesia) We Are Sugpiaq: Archaeology and Oral Traditions of the Outer Kenai Coast, Alaska
Aron L. Crowell (Arctic Studies Center, Smithsonian Institution, 121 W. 7th Ave, Anchorage, AK) and Alutiiq community panelists and project consultants: Herman Moonin, Port Graham, Lillian Elvsaas, Seldovia, Nick Tanape, Sr., Nanwalek
Who Knows The Truth? : The Role Of Archaeology In Oral History Traditions
Emmylou Rabe (University of Cape Town, South Africa) Innu history: exploring the paths of stories, mythology and archaeology — an Innu perspective
Richard Nuna (Innu Nation Environment, and Tshikapisk Foundation, Sheshatshit, Labrador)

Contested Land: Burial Grounds And Aboriginal Oral Histories
Pamela M. Cunningham (Member, Métis Nation of Alberta, Department of Anthropology, University of Anthropology) Female productive activities (The significance of female’s role in different Indonesian communities)
Boedihartono and Agni Klintuni Boedhihartono (Indonesia)
Oral Traditions, Archaeology, And The Political Economy Of Historical Memory In East Africa
Peter R Schmidt Memory as an Archaeological Clue to the Oral History and Folk Narrative in West Africa: The Case of the Mbum People of Donga-Mantung of the Western High Grassfields of Cameroon
Semuyeh Nyugab
A Forgotten Space And Remembered Time: Making Pasts In Lowland Northeastern Tanzania
Jonathon R Walz Why Don’t Most Archaeologists Understand That the Dead Are Alive
Heather Harris (First Nations Studies, University of Northern British Columbia)

Session Time
Day Thursday Date 26th June
Time 9AM-1PM Room Pryzbyla Center A

Working With Indigenous Communities

Organized By
Kirsten Brett (Australia) and Ken Isaacson (Australia)

Session Details
Email contacts:;

This session will explore developments in the working relationships of Indigenous peoples and archaeologists. Conflict has often existed between archaeologists and Indigenous people. Archaeologists have frequently considered themselves the experts on and keepers of the Indigenous past and have failed to discover Indigenous people’s views of the past. Archaeologists have even divorced Indigenous people from their past by creating archaeological cultures that they contend cannot be proven to be related to present Indigenous cultures. Such views are often in direct contradiction to oral histories, which sometimes extend as far back as the Pleistocene. The demand that archaeologists should be accountable to the Indigenous communities with whom they work is often viewed as a threat to the autonomy of the discipline.
Given these conditions, it is understandable that archaeology does not rate high on the list of Indigenous peoples’ priorities. This is a shame – not because Indigenous people should take an interest in archaeological interpretations of their pasts but because archaeology can be an important tool in the empowerment of Indigenous peoples. Archaeologists can help us strengthen our cultural identities. They can help us teach our children and others about our pasts. They can help us use our cultural heritage to develop economic enterprises and create jobs for our young people. Working in long-term relationships of trust with Indigenous peoples, archaeologists can re-shape their discipline into one that will produce profound benefits for the people they work with. Fundamental to making archaeology more relevant to Indigenous people is acknowledgement of disparity in the knowledge systems of archaeologists and the Indigenous peoples. It is not enough for archaeologists to teach communities their version of archaeology, rather they need to provide community members with a platform from which to shape an archaeology that has meaning and is useful to them, in their knowledge system. The papers in this session will document a new style of archaeology that is emerging, one that is shaped by the views and agendas of both archaeologists and the Indigenous peoples with whom they work.

Druphmi – Ola Oldintaim Mob: The Development Of Relevant Cultural Education Materials
Kirsten Brett Archaeology In The Post Apartheid South Africa: An Indigenous Perspective
Irene Mafune (Centre for African studies, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa)
What The Elders Taught Me. Community Archaeology In Wardaman Country Northern Territory Australia
Julie Drew and Bill Harney
Hierarchies of Knowledge and the Tyranny of Text: Archaeology, Ethnohistory and Oral Traditions in Australian Archaeological Interpretation
Bryce Barker (Department of Humanities and International Studies, University of Southern Queensland, Australia) and James Gaston (Birri Elder, Cultural Heritage Officer, Giru Dala Council of Elders, Bowen, Queensland, Australia)
Towards A Non-colonial Model For Archaeology In Canada
Sarah Carr-Locke (University of Northern British Columbia) Excavating for Authenticity: Intra-Tribal Multiculturalism and its Role in Cultural Resources Management
Will Gilmore (Tribal Archaeologist, Lac Courte Oreilles Band of the Lake Superior Chippewa, P.O. Box 1475, Hayward, WI, USA)
Difficulties In Giving Back The Past
John Morieson Sharing the Future
Ken Isaacson (Kalkadoon Tribal Council, Mount Isa, Queensland, Australia)
Challenges For The Future Of The Past: New Directions In Inuit Archaeology In Labrador
Lena Onalik (Memorial University), Stephen Loring (Smithsonian Institution) and Leah Rosenmeier (Council of Mainland Mik’maq/Brown University) Working with Indigenous Communities to Promote Cultural Resource Stewardship
Darby C. Stapp (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)
Pre-Hispanic Communal Organizations And Its Availability For Modern Grass-roots Development Projects
Carlos Alberto Asencios Espejo (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos) Creating a Collaborative Research Agenda: Working with Indigenous Communities
Desiree Renee Martinez (Tribal Affiliation: Gabrielino (Tongva). Department of Anthropology, 11 Divinity Ave, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA)
Working Together: Indigenous People And Archaeologists
Vincent Copley, Vincent Branson and Belinda Liebelt (Department of Archaeology, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia)

Session Time
Day Sunday Date 22nd June
Time 9AM-1PM & 4-6PM Room McMahon 200

Indigenous Archaeology And Science

Organized By
Tara Million

Session Details

Folklore In Western Archaeology – From An Indigenous Perspective?
Atle Omland The Archaeological Linguistic Community: Discourses of Inclusion and Exclusion
Tara Million
The Archaeological Heritage In Latin America And The Relationship Between National Governments, Archaeologist And Aboriginal Peoples
Ana Isabel González (Former General Coordinator of the National Institute of Indigenous Affairs of Argentina, National University of La Plata and University of Buenos Aires) and Maria Isabel Hernández Llosas (Researcher of the National Council on Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), Archaeology Section, Institute of Anthropological Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina) The negation of Indigenous meaning of the pre-Columbian material culture in Colombia
Wilhelm Londono
The Archaeology Of Aboriginal Ceremonial Sites: Mount Drysdale, NSW, Australia
Dan Witter Reclaiming a Ngarrindjeri future: archaeology, heritage and politics on Ngarrindjeri Ruwe
Steve Hemming, Tom Trevorrow and Azra Rochester
Living With American Archaeology: An American Indian Perspective
Joe Watkins (Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA) Inserting the Cultures of Indigenous Minority Groups into the Educational System: Case Study of Widekum Ethnic Group of the Bamenda Grassfield of Cameroon
Isaac Akenji Ndambi (Department Of History, Faculty Of Arts, University Of Buea, Cameroon)

Session Time
Day Monday Date 22nd June
Time 9-11AM Room Pryzbyla Center A

Decolonising The Archaeology Of A Region

Organized By
Robert Paynter (USA and Ron Welburn (USA)

Session Details
This session chronicles how the vestiges of colonialism in the archaeology of a region (western New England) are being challenged, in government, university systems, curricula, teaching, museums, theme parks, and curation, research, teaching, theory and method, and other realms in which vestiges of colonialism lurk.

The participants in the session are associated with educational institutions in the Five Colleges area of Western Massachusetts. We have worked together in a number of different situations (courses, administrative committees, social events, etc.) to better understand and rectify the historical and present day realities of the region’s involvement in the colonization of North America. We have sought to bring to our students and other members of the Five Colleges an understanding of aspects of the lives and cultures of the peoples indigenous to this area. To do this we have been engaged in an ongoing struggle to transform the dominant culture’s understandings, with special attention being devoted to how these influence the traditional research goals and practices of anthropological archaeology. In this session, we will trace how these efforts have affected the subject matter of our educational curricula, the organization of our educational institutions, the articulation of the academic community with neighboring Native communities, the nature and conduct of archaeological research, and the repatriation of human remains and objects of cultural patrimony.

The overlap of our work, in team taught courses and committee work, precludes a presentation in the standard paper presentation format. The situation is too dynamic and multifaceted to be easily captured on paper. Instead, we will be discussing our work in a panel format, where a few of us will take primary responsibility for introducing a topic, leaving time for other members of the panel as well as members of the audience to engage in conversation. We are interested in presenting the fruits of our efforts, but we especially want to engage people involved in similar efforts elsewhere around the globe in a discussion about the strategies and tactics that are necessary to successfully do this work.

Members of our panel are:
Margaret Bruchac, (Abenaki) University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Marta Carlson (Yurok), University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Elizabeth S. Chilton, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Jean Forward, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Robert Paynter, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Joyce White Deer Vincent (Cherokee & Blackfoot) University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Ron Welburn (Gingaskin Assateague/Cherokee) University of Massachusetts, Amherst

We will discuss the following points:
Rethinking Undergraduate Courses (Jean Forward and Joyce Vincent)
The Pitfalls and Potentials of Graduate Work (Marta Carlson and Robert Paynter)
Initiatives for a Reorganized Academy (Ron Welburn and Robert Paynter)
The Challenges of Reconceptualizing Research (Margaret Bruchac and Elizabeth Chilton)

The discussion will be moderated by Robert Paynter and Ron Welburn. Approximately ten minutes will be used to introduce each topic and ten more for a general discussion of the theme. The session’s remaining ten minutes will be used for general discussion of the problem of decolonizing a region.

Email contacts:,
Session Time
Day Monday Date 23rd June
Time 9-11AM Room Pryzbyla Center A